During the last five years, several cases of repression by government institutions and officials against women’s rights organizations have been reported. Women activists and feminist organizations are playing a pioneering role in the democratization process. However, in spite of gender sensitive legislation and relatively high numbers of women in power positions – more than 50% of judges, 38% of members of parliament, 28.6% of ministers – feminists and activists are often perceived as a threat by the patriarchal state.
Since the start of the school year in Mozambique in February 2016, several schools introduced school uniforms with a maxi skirt in order to “officially” fight sexual harassment. This has raised a red flag for feminist organizations that have denounced this measure, as it stigmatizes young girls. Since 2015 the persecution of feminist organizations has intensified while journalists, economists, lawyers as well as lecturers from the Eduardo Mondlane University have been injured and killed because of their support of girls’ and women’s rights.
The case of Eva Anadon Moreno
On 28 March 2016 the Mozambican authorities announced the deportation of Eva Anadon Moreno, a Spanish feminist and activist accused of participating in a demonstration deemed “illegal” and linked to the ban of miniskirts in some secondary schools. “By participating in an illegal demonstration, by leading a group of children dressed in school uniforms and by slogans against the good customs of the Republic of Mozambique, citizen Eva Anadon Moreno violated the law in a clear and open way”, explained the order of expulsion signed by the Minister of the Interior, Jaime Basilio Monteiro.