The current conflict in South Sudan has taken a heavy toll on the local population, the most challenged being the vulnerable groups that include women, children, the elderly and the infirm. This conflict is the latest in a series of violent episodes that characterize the long-running struggle for self-determination, peace, stability and development in this youngest nation on the African continent. The Republic of South Sudan gained its independence on July 9, 2011 from the Republic of Sudan and was immediately recognized by the Republic of Sudan and subsequently welcomed into both the African Union (AU) and the United Nations (UN). This euphoria was however short-lived, as violence erupted again on December 15, 2013 within the leadership. Despite various peace agreements more violence exploded in 2016. Concerned by the impact of this violence on the lives of the people of South Sudan, especially on women and children, the women of South Sudan overcame resistance and internal divisions to successfully campaign for inclusion in the peace talks in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. These talks were led by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), one of the five building blocks of the African Union. This process culminated in the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan in August 2015. The process received wide international support, including from the European Union. Organisations such as UN Women, the Institute for Inclusive Security and others have supported the women of South Sudan to build and enhance their capacity and hone their advocacy skills that eventually saw them play that challenging role of being included in the peace process. At the peace talks in Addis Ababa, the negotiators eventually created space for the women, including the formation of the Women’s Bloc of South Sudan (WBSS). The woman representative on this Bloc also sits on the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission that follows the implementation of the agreement.