Despite some important legal and social advances in the past two decades, people whose sexualities do not correspond to heteronormative models of exclusive male/female relationships and who understand their gender differently to the gender assigned at birth continue to experience widespread discrimination and violence in many countries of the world. Georgia is not an exception with strong homophobic, transphobic and biphobic attitudes prevailing, in a context that is quite comparable to other parts of the world and yet distinct.
Georgia is a patriarchal society with strictly defined gender roles and masculinity codes. Men are not supposed to exhibit weakness or seek for help and are under pressure to appear successful and powerful. Men and boys could be seen as feminine, because of the way they dress or behave, or because they have sex with other men. Similarly, women can get stigmatized if they do not fit into their defined roles of caregivers, mothers and subordinates. The Georgian Orthodox Church remains to be the most influential institution in the country. It actively propagates traditional perceptions about gender roles and it is at the same time the key protagonist of anti-LGBTIQ sentiments. Furthermore, until recently any public discourse about sex and sexuality in general was practically non-existent in Georgia. It comes of no surprise therefore that under these circumstances there is little room left for sexual diversity and gender non-conformity. In fact, the LGBTIQ community represents the most marginalized, vulnerable and discriminated group in Georgia.