Time and Location

Wednesday, 20 November 2019, 19:00 – 21:00
Aula am Campus (1.11.), Hof 1, Altes AKH, Spitalgasse 2-4, 1090 Vienna


Welcome and book-presentation
Margareta Grandner, Dep. of Developing Studies, Univ. of Vienna, co-editor of the book "Globale Ungleichheit“ (“Global Inequality”)

Panel Discussion with
Anke Schaffartzik, Inst. for Social Ecology (SEC)/Univ. of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna
Karlygash Kuralbayeva, Dep. of Political Economy, King’s College London

Video contribution:
Rodrigo Pizarro,  Univ. of Santiago of Chile (USACH)

Martina Neuwirth, VIDC

Language: english

Please register here.

Fair Climate. Green taxes against ecological inequality.

© Shutterstock/Neenawat Khenyothaa
© Shutterstock/Neenawat Khenyothaa


The use of natural resources is unequally distributed at a global level. Those who use the least resources, bear most of the effects of excessive resource use, above all the impact of climate change.  Thus, “environmental inequality” might reinforce income inequality as well as gender inequality, within and between countries. Ecological inequality is also a symptom of an unequal exchange: While countries of the Global South export resources, countries of the Global North outsource dirty production, and thereby environmental costs, to the Global South.
Mitigating and adapting to climate change will require large (public) investments to leapfrog traditional carbon-intensive economies. But funds are scarce to meet the enormous amounts needed. Environmental taxes are not only useful in deterring environmentally damaging behavior. They can generate tax revenues that enable especially poorer cash-strapped countries of the Global South to meet internationally agreed climate and development targets.  However, environmental tax reforms should not exacerbate social inequalities.
The following questions will be addressed throughout the event: What causes environmental inequality? Who is affected and how? Could environmental taxes be a useful instrument to fight environmental inequality? Which experiences have been made in countries of the Global South?

The event will link socio-ecological transformation, the main topic of the 2017 Austrian Development Conference, with inequality, which will be discussed at the 2020 Development Conference.


Anke Schaffartzik

is Senior Scientist at the Institute for Social Ecology. Research areas include global resource use and international trade, the international division of labor, extractivism as well as social metabolism (the flows of materials and energy between nature and society).

Karlygash Kuralbayeva

is a Lecturer in Economics at the Department of Political Economy at King’s College London. Previously she was a teaching fellow at London School of Economics (LSE), a research officer at Grantham Research Institute at LSE and a research fellow at the University of Oxford. Her research interests include macroeconomics, development, climate change economics and environmental economics. She holds a DPhil in Economics from Oxford University and is a Kazakh national.

Rodrigo Pizarro

is professor at the University of Santiago of Chile (USACH). He was the former Head of the Environmental Economics Division of the Ministry of the Environment of Chile (2014-2018), where he designed and implemented the first Environmental Tax in Chile, among other major initiatives. Mr. Pizarro is an economist from the London School of Economics and holds a PhD from Stanford University.

Margarete Grandner

is Professor for Development Studies and History at the Department of Development Studies, University of Vienna. Her research interests include the history of labour movements, social policies and health systems.

Martina Neuwirth

works at the VIDC on international economic and finance policy issues. Her major focus is on tax and development issues, especially on the impact of the international tax system on lower income countries.

Book Presentation

Karin Fischer; Margarete Grandner: "Globale Ungleichheit. Über Zusammenhänge von Kolonialismus, Arbeitsverhältnissen und Naturverbrauch"
Wien: Mandelbaum 2018, ca 400 Seiten, November 2019; Reihe GEP, Band 19

Das Buch widmet sich der ungleichen Verteilung von Einkommen, Vermögen und Lebenschancen auf der Welt. Einzelne Beiträge behandeln die historischen und aktuellen Auswirkungen von Kolonialismus und Rassismus, von globaler politischer Ökonomie und Finanzmarktkapitalismus, internationaler Arbeitsteilung und ökologischer Ungleichheit. Ungleichheit zeigt sich am deutlichsten in der Gesellschaft, in einer Gemeinschaft, an dem Ort, an dem wir leben. Allerdings sind wir auf vielfältige Weise in globale Prozesse  eingebunden, die lokale Ungleichheit schaffen oder verstärken.